Journal of the European Optical Society - Rapid publications, Vol 6 (2011)

A novel back-side light-trapping structure for thin silicon solar cells

J. Gjessing, A. S. Sudbø, E. S. Marstein


Decreasing silicon consumption is one of the most important ways of reducing the cost of solar cells. High-quality light trapping provides the possibility of making thinner silicon solar cells without sacrificing optical efficiency. In this work we introduce an advanced bi-periodic back-side structure with promising light-trapping properties. The structure combines high coupling efficiency of light to oblique travelling modes with the ability of keeping the light within the solar cell for multiple reflections between the front and the rear side. We have done numerical simulations of light trapping for normal incidence in our structure, and we show that our structure with real materials holds the potential to exceed the light trapping of an ideal Lambertian surface. We also investigate the behaviour of our light-trapping structure as a function of angle and state of polarization, and compare it to Lambertian behaviour.

© The Authors. All rights reserved. [DOI: 10.2971/jeos.2011.11020]

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