Journal of the European Optical Society - Rapid publications, Vol 1 (2006)

Influence of the Raman depolarisation ratio on far-field radiation patterns in coherent anti-Stokes Raman scattering (CARS) microscopy

D. Gachet, N. Sandeau, H. Rigneault

Abstract


We propose a full-vectorial numerical study of far-field radiation patterns in coherent anti-Stokes Raman scattering(CARS) microscopy. We emphasis the particular role of the Raman depolarization ratio of the observed medium and show how it modifies the radiation pattern of thin objects.

© The Authors. All rights reserved. [DOI: 10.2971/jeos.2006.06013]

Full Text: PDF

Citation Details


Cite this article

References


P. Maker and R. Terhune, "Study of Optical Effects Due to an Induced Polarization Third Order in the Electric Field Strength" Physical Review 137, 801-818 (1965).

M. Duncan, J. Reintjes, and T. Manuccia, "Scanning coherent anti- Stokes Raman scattering microscope" Optics Letters 7, 350-352 (1982).

A. Zumbusch, G. Holtom, and X. Xie, "Three-Dimensional Vibrational Imaging by Coherent Anti-Stokes Raman Scattering" Physical Review Letters 82, 4142-4145 (1999).

G. Bjorklund, "Effects of Focusing on Third-Order Nonlinear Processes in Isotropic Media" IEEE Journal of Quantum Electronics 11, 287-296 (1975).

M. Mller, J. Squier, C. de Lange, and G. Brakenhoff, "CARS microscopy with folded BoxCARS phasematching" Journal of Microscopy 197, 150-158 (2000).

M. Mller and J. M. Schins, "Imaging the Thermodynamic State of Lipid Membranes with Multiplex CARS Microscopy" The Journal of Physical Chemistry B 106, 3715-3723 (2002).

H. Wang, Y. Fu, P. Zickmund, R. Shi, and J.-X. Cheng, "Coherent anti-stokes Raman scattering imaging of axonal myelin in live spinal tissues" Biophysical Journal 89, 581-591 (2005).

E. O. Potma, C. L. Evans, and X. Xie, "Heterodyne coherent anti- Stokes Raman scattering (CARS) imaging" Optics Letters 31, 241- 243 (2006).

M. Hashimoto and T. Araki, "Three-dimensional transfer functions of coherent anti-Stokes Raman scattering microscopy" Journal of the Optical Society of America A 18, 771-776 (2001).

B. Richards and E. Wolf, "Electromagnetic diffraction in optical systems. II. Structure of the image field in an aplanetic system" Royal Society of London Proceedings Series A 253, 358-379 (1959).

A. Volkmer, J.-X. Cheng, and X. Xie, "Vibrational Imaging with High Sensitivity via Epidetected Coherent Anti-Stokes Raman Scattering Microscopy" Physical Review Letters 87, 023901 (2001).

J.-X. Cheng, A. Volkmer, and X. Xie, "Theoretical and experimental characterization of anti-Stokes Raman scattering microscopy" Journal of the Optical Society of America B 19, 1363-1375 (2002).

S. Akhmanov, A. Bunkin, S. Ivanov, and N. Koroteev, "Polarization active Raman spectroscopy and coherent Raman ellipsometry" Soviet Physics JETP 47, 667-677 (1978).

J.-L. Oudar, R. Smith, and Y. Shen, "Polarization-sensitive coherent anti-Stokes Raman spectroscopy" Applied Physics Letters 34, 758-760 (1979).

J.-X. Cheng, L. D. Book, and X. Xie, "Polarization coherent anti- Stokes Raman scattering microscopy" Optics Letters 26, 1341-1343 (2001).

Y. Shen, The Principles of Nonlinear Optics (Wiley Interscience, 1984).

H. Lotem, J. R.T. Lynch, and N. Bloembergen, "Interference between Raman resonances in four-wave difference mixing" Physical Review A 14, 1748-1755 (1976).

S. Popov, Y. Svirko, and N. Zheludev, Susceptibility Tensors forNonlinear Optics (Institute of Physics Publishing, Bristol and Philadelphia, 1995).

M. Yuratich and D. Hanna, "Coherent anti-Stokes Raman spectroscopy (CARS) Selection rules, depolarization ratios and rotational structure" Molecular Physics 33, 671-682 (1977).

C. Otto, A. Voroshilov, S. Kruglik, and J. Greve, "Vibrational bands of luminescent zinc(II)-octaethylporphyrin using a polarizationsensitive microscopic multiplex CARS technique" Journal of Raman Spectroscopy 32, 495-501 (2001).

D. Kleinman, "Nonlinear Dielectric Polarization in Optical Media" Physical Review 126, 1977-1979 (1962).

D. Gachet, N. Sandeau, and H. Rigneault, "Far-field radiation pattern in Coherent Anti-stokes Raman Scattering (CARS) microscopy" in Biomedical Vibrational Spectroscopy III: Advances in Research and Industry, A. Mahadevan-Jansen and W. H. Petrich, eds., vol. 6093 p. 609309. (SPIE, 2006).

S. Hess and W. Webb, "Focal Volume Optics and Experimental Artifacts in Confocal Fluorescence Correlation Spectroscopy" Biophysical Journal 83, 2300-2317 (2002).

A. Volkmer, "Vibrational imaging and microspectrometries based on coherent anti-Stokes Raman scattering microscopy" Journal of Physics D-Applied Physics 38, R59-R81 (2005).

N. Djaker, D. Gachet, N. Sandeau, P.-F. Lenne, and H. Rigneault, "Refractive effects in Coherent Anti-Stokes Raman Scattering (CARS) Microscopy" Applied Optics 45 (27), 7005-7011 (2006).

S. Druet, B. Attal, T. Gustafson, and J. Taran, "Electronic resonance enhancement of coherent anti-Stokes Raman scattering" Physical Review A 18, 1529-1557 (1978).