Journal of the European Optical Society - Rapid publications, Vol 7 (2012)

Four-Wave-Mixing in Zirconia-Yttria-Aluminum Erbium Codoped Silica Fiber

H. Ahmad, M. C. Paul, N. A. Awang, S. W. Harun, M. Pal, K. Thambiratnam


The generation and characterization of the Four-Wave-Mixing (FWM) effect in an Erbium Doped Zirconia-Yttria-Alumino Silicate Fiber (EDZF) is described. The EZDF is fabricated from a conventional silica preform by Modified Chemical Vapour Deposition (MCVD) and also solution doping to add glass modifiers and nucleating agents, with the resulting preform annealed and drawn into a fiber strand with a 125 ± 0.5 µm diameter. A 4 m long EZDF with a propagation loss of 0.68 dB/m and an erbium concentration of 3000 ppm is used to investigate the FWM effect. The FWM power levels are measured to be approximately - 45 dBm at a region of 1565 nm and show good agreement with the theoretical predicted values. A non-linear coefficient of 14 W-1km-1 is also measured, along with chromatic and slope dispersion values of 28.45 ps/ and 3.63 ps/, which agree with the predicted values. The fabricated EZDF has many potential applications utilizing the FWM effect, including the generation of multi-wavelength outputs.

© The Authors. All rights reserved. [DOI: 10.2971/jeos.2012.12011]

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