Journal of the European Optical Society - Rapid publications, Vol 3 (2008)

Nano-meter scale heterogeneous III-V semiconductor-silicon photonic integration

P. Viktorovitch, C. Seassal, P. Rojo-Romeo, X. Letartre


It is pointed out that the fully recognised and ever growing need for a combination of photonic and electronic functionalities could be made fully effective by the heterogeneous integration of active III-V semiconductor/passive silicon photonics and silicon microelectronics. It is shown that the inevitable scaling down to nano-meter range of photonic integration requested by the necessary matching to microelectronics is made possible by the heterogeneous association of IIIV semiconductor and silicon membranes including high index contrast and nano-meter scale structuring. It is emphasized that these membrane photonic nanostructures can be considered as the absolute must on the track to the ultimate confinement of photons which is highly desired in the prospect of the development of Micro-Nano-Photonic devices and systems. Examples of devices and systems along this approach are presented (micro-laser/micro-guide integration, active devices with very low threshold,...).

© The Authors. All rights reserved. [DOI: 10.2971/jeos.2008.08024]

Full Text: PDF

Citation Details

Cite this article


C. Monat, C. Seassal, X. Letartre, P. Viktorovitch, P. Regreny, M. Gendry, P. Rojo-Romeo, G. Hollinger, E. Jalaguier, S. Pocas, and B. Aspar, "InP 2D photonic crystal microlasers on silicon wafer: room temperature operation at 1.55 _m" Electron. Lett. 37, 764-766 (2001).

J. Mouette, C. Seassal, X. Letartre, P. Rojo-Romeo, J.-L. Leclercq, P. Recgreny, P. Viktorovitch, E. Jalaguier, P. Perreau, and H. Moriceau, "Very low threshold vertical emitting laser operation in InP graphite photonic crystal slab on silicon" Electron. Lett. 39, 526-528 (2003).

C. Monat, C. Seassal, X. Letartre, P. Regreny, P. Rojo-Romeo, P. Viktorovitch, M. Le Vassor D'yerville, D. Cassagne, J.P. Albert, E. Jalaguier, S. Pocas, and B. Aspar, "InP based 2D photonic crystal on silicon: in-plane Bloch mode laser" Appl. Phys. Lett. 81, 5102- 5104 (2002).

C. Cojocaru, F. Raineri, P. Monnier, C. Seassal, X. Letartre, P. Viktorovitch, A. Levenson, and R. Raj, "Ultrafast nonlinear dynamics of a two-dimensional InP-based photonic crystal response" Appl. Phys. Lett. 85, 1880-1882 (2004).

C. Y. Huang, Y. Zhou, and C. J. Chang-Hasnain, "A surface-emitting laser incorporating a high-index-contrast subwavelength grating" Nat. Photonics 1, 119-122 (2007).

S. Boutami, B. Ben Bakir, J.-L. Leclercq, and P. Viktorovitch, "Compact and polarization controlled 1.55 _m vertical-cavity surface emitting laser using single-layer photonic crystal mirror" Appl. Phys. Lett. 91, 071105-107 (2007).

P. Viktorovitch, "Photonic Crystals : from Micro-Photonics to Nano- Photonics" in Nanophotonics, Chapter 1 (ISTE, 2006).

A. W. Fang, H. Park, Y. Kuo, R. Jones, O. Cohen, D. Liang, O. Raday, M.N. Sysak, M.J. Paniccia, and J.E. Bowers, "Hybrid silicon evanescent devices" Materials Today 10, 28-35 (2007).

H.T. Hattori, C. Seassal, E. Touraille, P. Rojo-Romeo, X. Letartre, G. Hollinger, P. Viktorovitch, L. Di Cioccio, M. Zussy, L.E. Melhaoui, and J.M. Fedeli, "Heterogeneous integration of microdisk lasers on silicon strip waveguides for optical interconnects" Phot. Tech. Lett. 18, 223-225 (2006).

J. Van Campenhout, P. Rojo-Romeo, P. Regreny, C. Seassal, D. Van Thourhout, S. Verstuyft, L. Di Cioccio, J.-M. Fedeli, C. Lagahe, and R. Baets, "Electrically pumped InP-based microdisk lasers integrated with a nanophotonic silicon-on-insulator waveguide circuit" Opt. Express 15, 6745-6749 (2007).

O. Painter, R.K. Lee, A. Scherer, A. Yariv, J.D. O'Brien, P.D. Dapkus, and L. Kim, "Two-dimensional photonic band-gap defect mode laser" Science 284, 1819-1821 (1999).