Journal of the European Optical Society - Rapid publications, Vol 3 (2008)

High speed partial Stokes imaging using a ferroelectric liquid crystal modulator

A. Jaulin, L. Bigué

Abstract


This paper describes the implementation of an imaging polarimeter using a single ferroelectric liquid crystal light modulator. It provides partial imaging Stokes information at 234 Hz, much faster than polarimeters using nematic light modulators. This information is obtained for dynamic scenes in reflection or transmission. Partial Stokes information contains the first three Stokes parameters. With this information, imaging of the linear degree of polarization and of the angle of polarization can be obtained and imaging linear depolarization can be quantified.

© The Authors. All rights reserved. [DOI: 10.2971/jeos.2008.08019]

Full Text: PDF

Citation Details


Cite this article

References


J.M. Bueno and P. Artal, "Double-pass imaging polarimetry in the human eye" Opt. Lett. 24, 64-66 (1999).

B. Laude-Boulesteix, A. de Martino, B. Drvillon, and L. Schwartz, "Mueller Polarimetric Imaging System with Liquid Crystals" Appl. Optics 43, 2824-2832 (2004).

P.-Y. Gerligand, R. A. Chipman, E. A. Sornsin, and M. H. Smith, "Polarization signatures of spherical and conical targets measured by Mueller matrix imaging polarimetry" in Polarization: Measurement, Analysis, and Remote Sensing D. H. Goldstein and R. A. Chipman, eds. 3121, 63-73 (Proc. SPIE, San Diego, USA 1997).

G. D. Lewis, D. L. Jordan, and P. J. Roberts, "Backscattering Target Detection in a Turbid Medium by Polarization Discrimination" Appl. Optics 38, 3937-3944 (1999).

B. J. Deboo, J. M. Sasian, and R. A. Chipman, "Depolarization of diffusely reflecting man-made objects" Appl. Optics 44, 5434-5445 (2005).

M. Floc'h, G. Le Brun, J. Cariou, and J. Lotrian, "Experimental characterization of immersed targets by polar decomposition of the Mueller matrices" Eur Phys J-Appl Phys 3, 349-358 (1998).

G. W. Kattawar and M. J. Rakovic, "Virtues of Mueller Matrix Imaging for Underwater Target Detection" Appl Optics 38, 6431-6438 (1999).

M. Alouini, D. Dolfi, F. Goudail, and P. Rfrgier, "Detection enhancement of low contrast targets through active multispectral polarimetric imaging" in Advanced Imaging Techniques, 10-12 (EOS Topical Meeting on Advanced Imaging Techniques, Delft, 2003).

F. A. Sadjadi, "Passive three-dimensional imaging using polarimetric diversity" Opt. Lett. 32, 229-231 (2007).

O. Morel, C. Stolz, F. Mriaudeau, and P. Gorria, "Active Lighting Applied to 3D Reconstruction of Specular Metallic Surfaces by Polarization Imaging" Appl. Optics 45, 4062-4068 (2006).

J.-Y. Lin, K.-H. Chen, and J.-H. Chen, "Optical method for measuring optical rotation angle and refractive index of chiral solution" Appl. Optics 46, 8134-8139 (2007).

R. Hegedus, S. Akesson, and G. Horvath, "Polarization patterns of thick clouds: overcast skies have distribution of the angle of polarization similar to that of clear skies" J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 24, 2347-2356 (2007).

D. Goldstein, Polarized light second edition (Marcel Dekker, New- York Basel, 2003).

F. A. Sadjadi and C. S. L. Chun, "Remote sensing using passive infrared Stokes parameters" Opt. Eng. 43, 2283-2291 (2004).

L. B. Wolff, T. A. Mancini, P. Pouliquen, and A. G. Andreou, "Liquid crystal polarization camera" IEEE T. Robotic. Autom. 13, 195-203 (1997).

Y. Hanaoka, "Ferroelectric Liquid Crystal Polarimeter for Highcadence Halpha Imaging Polarimetry" Solar Physics 222, 265-278 (2004).

R. A. Chipman, "Depolarization index and the average degree of polarization" Appl. Optics 44, 2490-2495 (2005).

M. Alouini, F. Goudail, P. Refregier, A. Grisard, E. Lallier, and D. Dolfi, "Multispectral polarimetric imaging with coherent illumination: towards higher image contrast" in Polarization: Measurement, Analysis, and Remote Sensing VI, D. H. Goldstein and D. B. Chenault, eds. 5432, 133-144 (Proc. SPIE, Orlando, USA, 2004).

M. W. Williams, "Depolarization and cross polarization in ellipsometry of rough surfaces" Appl. Optics 25, 3616-3622 (1986).

P. Clmenceau, A. Dogariu, and J. Stryewski, "Polarization active imaging" in Laser Radar Technology and Applications V, G. W. Kamerman, U. N. Singh, C. Werner, and V. V. Molebny, eds. 4035, 401-409 (Proc. SPIE, Orlando, USA, 2000).

J. S. Tyo, "Design of optimal polarimeters: maximization of signalto- noise ratio and minimization of systematic error" Appl. Optics 41, 619-630 (2002).

F. Goudail, P. Terrier, Y. Takakura, L. Bigu, F. Galland, and V. Devlaminck, "Target detection with a Liquid Crystal-based passive Stokes polarimeter" Appl. Optics 43, 274-282 (2004).

Meadowlark-Optics, "Stokes Polarimetry Using Liquid-Crystal Variable Retarders" (2001).

A. M. Gandorfer, "Ferroelectric retarders as an alternative to piezoelastic modulators for use in solar Stokes vector polarimetry" Opt. Eng. 38, 1402-1408 (1999).

K. A. Bauchert, S. A. Serati, and A. Furman, "Advances in liquid crystal spatial light modulators" in Optical Pattern Recognition XIII, D. P. Casasent and T.-H. Chao, eds. 4734, 35-43 (Proc. SPIE, Orlando, USA, 2002).

S. A. Serati, G. D. Sharp, R. A. Serati, D. J. McKnight, and J. E. Stockley, "128128 analog liquid crystal spatial light modulator" in Optical Pattern Recognition VI, D. P. Casasent and T.-H. Chao, eds. 2490, 378-387 (Proc. SPIE, Orlando, USA, 1995).

K. A. Bauchert and S. A. Serati, "High-speed multi-level 512x512 spatial light modulator" in Optical Pattern Recognition XI, D. P. Casasent and T.-H. Chao, eds. 4043, 59-65 (Proc. SPIE, Orlando, USA, 2000).

Boulder-Nonlinear-Systems, "Liquid crystal spatial light modulator: 512 512 multi-level/analog" (2002).

L. Bigu, L. Jourdainne, and P. Ambs, "High speed ferroelectric gray-scale spatial light modulator for implementing diffractive optical elements" in Diffractive Optics and Micro-Optics, R. Magnusson, ed. TOPS 75, 58-62 (OSA, Tucson, USA, 2002).

A. Jaulin, L. Bigu, and P. Ambs, "High-speed degree of polarization imaging with a ferroelectric liquid crystal modulator" Opt. Eng. 47, 033201 (2008).

S. Guyot, M. Anastasiadou, E. Delchelle, and A. de Martino, "Registration scheme suitable to Mueller matrix imaging for biomedical applications" Opt. Express 15, 7393-7400 (2007).

L. Gendre, A. Foulonneau, and L. Bigu, "Correction of erroneous degree of polarization of moving objects in a video sequence" in Polarization: Measurement, Analysis, and Remote Sensing VIII, D. B. Chenault and D. H. Goldstein, eds. 6972, 69720R (Proc. SPIE, Orlando, USA, 2008).

J. L. Harriman, A. Linnenberger, and S. A. Serati, "Improving spatial light modulator performance through phase compensation" in Advanced Wavefront Control: Methods, Devices, and Applications II, J. D. Gonglewski, M. T. Gruneisen, M. K. Giles, eds. 5553, 58-67 (Proc. SPIE, Denver, USA, 2004).

W. N. Hart, C. M. Roggemann, A. Sergeyev, and J. T. Schulz, "Characterizing static aberrations in liquid crystal spatial light modulators using phase retrieval" Opt. Eng. 46, 086601 (2007).

L. Bigu and N. Cheney, "High-speed portable polarimeter using a ferroelectric liquid crystal modulator" in Polarization Science and Remote Sensing III, J. A. Shaw and J. S. Tyo, eds., 6682, 668205 (Proc. SPIE, San Diego, USA, 2007).

J.E. Ahmad, and Y. Takakura, "Improving Segmentation Maps using Polarization Imaging" in ICIP 2007 1, I-281-I-284 (IEEE, San Antonio,